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When he was eleven years of age, she had noted in her diary: "The child's character is still so unformed that I cannot say what I think of it.
Livorno was still a relatively new city, by Italian standards, in the late 19th century.
The Livorno that Modigliani knew was a bustling centre of commerce focused upon seafaring and shipwrighting, but its cultural history lay in being a refuge for those persecuted for their religion.
His own maternal great-great-grandfather was one Solomon Garsin, a Jew who had immigrated to Livorno in the eighteenth century as a religious refugee.
Modigliani had a particularly close relationship with his mother, who taught her son at home until he was ten.
Beset with health problems after an attack of pleurisy when he was about eleven, a few years later he developed a case of typhoid fever.